The first page of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, which debuted in 1665. Robert Boyle contributed papers on thermodynamics and the appearance of a very strange calf to the first volume of the journal.
For the first time, the Royal Society is making the complete archive of its journals freely available online. For a two month period, the public will be able to access scientific papers going back to 1665, when Henry Oldenburg published Philosophical Transactions, the first-ever peer-reviewed journal in the English language.
The archive contains classic scientific papers from the likes of Isaac Newton, Edmond Halley, Michael Faraday, Albert Einstein, and Francis Crick. At the same time, the journals provide a direct glimpse into the fascinating history of science; particularly Philosophical Transactions, which in earliest years published papers on a wide variety of subjects and blurred the distinction between science and everyday reportage.
“The journals in question were for some time the most significant of their kind in the world, and certainly the most important publications in Anglo-American science until the prominence of Science, Nature and other journals,” said Rob Iliffe, reader in the History of Science at the UK's Imperial College, and Editorial Director of a project, which aims to make all Newton's writings freely available online.
Patterns are everywhere in nature, from the leopard's spots to the nautilus's spiral shell, but scientists struggle to understand the mechanisms that produce them. Researchers in the US now believe that physics of microtubules is an important piece in the puzzle.
Jim Valles and Jay Tang at Brown University, have worked out that physics is behind the patterns formed by microtubules – proteins that play a fundamental role in cell division and organism development. "What's exciting is that this finding may provide insight into how the shapes that make up the human body are created".
Your dog falls ill, so you take him to the vet. After a quick consultation you take him home, and soon he appears to be better. But he is not. You and the vet have failed to realise that he is still in severe pain, and the drugs the vet has prescribed will turn him into a social outcast, a dog that may be shunned or even attacked by others.
Such mistakes can happen, say animal behaviour specialists, because our understanding of animal welfare is inadequate, and at times misguided. The human tendency to anthropomorphise means we miss out on animals' real feelings and needs, with the result that we often provide them with inappropriate housing and medical care. This is leading to the health and well being of millions of animals kept as pets, livestock or in zoos being adversely affected.
A schematic diagram of the sun's heliosphere. Anomalous cosmic rays are supposed to come from the Termination Shock--but Voyager 1 found otherwise. [More]
Sept. 21, 2006: Almost every day, the great antennas of NASA's Deep Space Network turn to a blank patch of sky in the constellation Ophiuchus. Pointing at nothing, or so it seems, they invariably pick up a signal, faint but full of intelligence. The source is beyond Neptune, beyond Pluto, on the verge of the stars themselves.
It's Voyager 1. The spacecraft left Earth in 1977 on a mission to visit Jupiter and Saturn. Almost 30 years later, with the gas giants long ago seen and done, Voyager 1 is still going and encountering some strange things.
US astronaut Jeffrey Williams packages air samples he took after a toxic spill aboard the ISS (Image: NASA TV)
Three astronauts cleaned up a chemical spill onboard the International Space Station on Monday morning. The cleanup appears to have contained the problem and NASA believes the crew is safe. NASA says a small amount of toxic potassium hydroxide may have been released from an oxygen vent that is part of the Elektron oxygen generator on the Russian side of the space station. When inhaled, potassium hydroxide can cause a burning sensation, cough, sore throat and shortness of breath. The crew collected air samples to send to Earth later and activated a filtering system to try to rid the air of the chemical.
* 19 September 2006 * NewScientist.com news service
Ancient scriptures, hidden from the world for centuries, have recently attracted unprecedented popular attention. Some were found among the ancient library of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Others include assorted mystical writings known as Kabbalah, and a host of books that never made it into the Bible,... http://www.treasuresintime.org/
In the town of Middlesbrough, in the U.K., Big Brother is not only watching you, but now, barking out orders via loudspeakers attached to cameras in public places. "Bad behavior" and "antisocial" acts like littering and fighting can trigger a verbal warning from control room operators, such as Warning - you are being monitored by CCTV… you are in an alcohol-free zone, please refrain from drinking.
Read more at the Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id =405477&in_page_id=1770
During a field trip to the French Alps, University of Manchester biologists found a duck egg in a small pond. Noticing movement inside the egg, the group cracked open the shell and found three live minnows living inside it. The researchers are "baffled" by the find as the egg appeared to be sealed with no visible breaks. Read more at BBC News.
Virtual reality (VR) is a technology which allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment. Most virtual reality environments are primarily visual experiences, displayed either on a computer screen or through special stereoscopic displays, but some simulations include additional sensory information, such as sound through speakers or headphones. Some advanced and experimental systems have included limited tactile information, known as force feedback.
Never forget anything again! After downloading every moment, dream and experience you've ever had through the ocular interface (resembles a pair of goggles), the ThinkBack Memory Backup Drive stores them on a special hard disk, which will allow you to review your memories on the LCD screen.
"We, deputies of the principal College of the Brethren of the Rosy Cross, are staying visibly and invisibly in this town by the Grace of the Most High, to whom the heart of the just turns. We show and teach without books or masques how to speak the language of every country where we wish to be, to bring our fellow men out of the error of death." - Rosicrucian broadside
Study what thou art, Whereof thou art a part, What thou knowest of this Art, This is really what thou art. All that is without thee, Also is within, Thus wrote Trismosin. -- From the Aurum Vellus, 1498
While most robots are designed to serve a single dull, utilitarian function, Quasi's reason for being is charm. The machine's creators, all graduate students at Carnegie Mellon's Entertainment Technology Center, wanted to build a captivating character that would go well beyond the standard animatronic amusement park figures that spew out canned patter to bored preschoolers. They wanted to build a robot that would make people forget it's a robot.